Philippe Bouchet, a scientific authority of international renown, is senior professor of malacology at the French National Museum of Natural and the initiator of several large marine exploring expeditions in the Pacific. He is a member of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature based in London. Bouchet is credited with the description of several hundreds new species. He is the head of his institution’s Science Press and the author of numerous scientific articles and The Land of the Ocean.
A beautifully illustrated survey of the artistry and variety of shells, by an internationally renowned expert.
More than just an appreciation of shells, this book captures all the artistry of the undersea world. Prized since ancient times for their beauty, shells appear in Mexican temple art, on Greek and Roman vases, in Renaissance paintings and architectural sculpture, and in modern jewelry and furniture. The artists themselves are thousands of species of mollusks, which produce shells of infinite shapes and sizes: the polished, the patinated, and the peculiar. From porcelain cones and miters to coleus and whirls, the collector’s favorites account for barely five percent of known species (mollusks are the second largest phylum after arthropods), and it is possible we haven’t even discovered half of them. They are abundant and widespread, living from the Arctic to the Antarctic, in oceans and in streams, ponds, and lakes on every continent. They have been discovered on high Himalayan peaks, in bleak deserts, and on sandy beaches as well as in shallow lagoons and water as deep as 21,00 feet. The marvelous collection of shells featured here is both a celebration and a scientific investigation.
Philippe Bouchet’s writing is rich with the flavors of malacology, bringing in examples of biodiversity, the threats from anthropogenic pressure, and the important scientific and patrimonial role played by natural history museums, which are invaluable conservatories. We follow the author and his team in their exploration work, sampling and sifting, on board the French Institute for Research and Development vessel, off the coast of New Caledonia.
The author writes that “Most of the time, you may not recognize a shell but it does not mean it’s necessarily a new species.” It can take several years for the small community of international experts to be certain of a new discovery. It is just as difficult to work out which species are rare and which are threatened with extinction, as they defy human jurisdiction. With a true sense of wonderment, he discusses how incredible it is that in the twenty-first century (an age of genetics, nanotechnology, and advanced space exploration), a number of species of plants, animals, and fungi on the surface of the planet (let alone beneath the waves) remain “undiscovered,” unstudied and/or unnamed.
This fascinating text with its amazing images is ideal for shell collectors, natural history buffs, and admirers of great photography books.